Example 1.1.7 (d): Simple Complex Numbers

Which complex number (a,b) should correspond to our symbol i?
Back Back

The symbol i has the property that i2 = -1. Translating that property into the language or our definition means that we are looking for a number z=(x,y) such that

(x,y)*(x,y) = (x*x-y*y,xy + yx) = (-1, 0)

which results in the system of equations

(1) x*x-y*y = -1
(2) 2xy = 0

The second equation means that either x = 0 or y = 0 or both. But together with the first equation we see that y can not be zero so that:

x = 0 and y = 1

Therefore the symbol i corresponds to the complex number (0,1).

Interactive Complex Analysis, ver. 1.0.0
(c) 2006-2007, Bert G. Wachsmuth
Page last modified: May 29, 2007