Finalized - 12/14/16 -



   [test #2]

 [TEST DAY= Tuesday 12/20/16  @ 10:10pm-12:10pm]  See below for TWO(2) advance test questions &

                     ONE(1) extra credit question



NOTE --- Remember, this course attempts to examine various non-word-based factors which are in operation  in when people communicate.  It helps to think about the various units in the course content as interrelated and conceptual. This means that knowing specific terms and their definitions is just the beginning.  In addition, you should also be aware of what that item "looks like" in action and how it coordinates with other aspects  of human communication.  Also, be prepared to synthesize various concepts and apply them to the explanation of communicative behaviors.  Be aware that these expectations may require more critical thinking skills & attention to detail than many of you have used for other classes. IN OTHER WORDS, EVEN THOUGH YOU MAY HAVE BEEN ATTENTIVE TO THE IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES/DISCUSSIONS,  YOU MAY NOT UNDERSTAND THE MATERIAL  AS WELL OR AS COMPREHENSIVELY AS YOU THINK YOU DO.   STUDY CAREFULLY.





Emphasis will be on Chapters 8, 11, 12, 13  (Knapp, et al.,7/8eds), notes from the ethnographies, the group projects & the BBC online interview of Albert Mehrabian -as well as any materials relating to these areas  from (notes/activities/slide shows/group presentations, etc).  Once again, this is a large amount of content so be sure to refer to the "additional tips for preparing" listed below.


Also remember that many of our discussions noted the "cultural sensitivity" of virtually everything discussed in the listed chapters. In addition, although we "deconstructed"  the various dimensions of nonverbal communication to examine them separately, Nonverbal communication actually operates in multi-channelled, overlapping ways.  In answering any given, question you may find you need to incorporate material from more than one "chapter."


 As mentioned above, in order to give you a "headstart" to the in-class test, there are  some questions to complete in advance to be handed in on test day (12/20/16):  Two(2) are required & one(1) is optional *[see details  below]





               REQUIRED ADVANCE QUESTIONS :question #2 rewritten 12/18!!!

**[These questions are to be completed at home & handed in along with your in-class test] [Both = typed / double-spaced / approx.1 page long] ] [ Together,  they will be worth:15-20 pts<tbd>]



 1. = RITUALS for constructing our realities: GREETING & LEAVE-TAKING: Read the scenario below.  Answer items <a> & <b> Be careful not to generalize. 


  The Scenario : (these events actually happened) 

      Recently, for the fourth year in a row, Joan joined her friend & his family for their tradition of having the holiday dinner in a restaurant. As usual, when Joan arrived, she exchanged right cheek, "air kisses" with the three(3) family members she already knew. When introduced to two unfamiliar family members, handshakes were used as the greeting. After two(2) hours of eating, amicable conversation, & reciprocal self-disclosure, it was time for everyone to go his/her own way.


 The Question:

       <a>Using your knowledge of Nonverbal Communication & the Dynamics of Human Communication--particularly the insights presented by Teams  X & Z, give at least one grounded{*} prediction for the expected LEAVETAKING behaviors among this group--particularly for Joan.

       <b>You can strengthen your answer by including discussion of what relationship messages are capable of being sent via this category of communication rituals.


*{"Grounded" means your answer should explicitly support your prediction by citing 2-3  specific, applicable theories/research studies/concepts from the textbook.}






Each of the recent Group Workshop Presentations empowered you with specific ways that the information acquired in this course could help you be a more skillful communicator. For example, you learned about U.S. cultural dynamics  in:

[a] The common patterns of eye contact behaviors during Face-to-Face encounters

[b] The complexity of interpreting signs of deceit in interpersonal encounters

[c] Techniques of Self Presentation serving as tools for affecting the perceptions others have about you

[d] How speech dependent paralinguistic cues affect meaning

[e] How speech independent paralinguistic cues operate in-between-the-lines



 For this question, first view the videoclip of the Matt Lauer-Ryan Lochte post Olympics interview on  August 20, 2016.   

 { }  (interview begins at __:48 in the footage/  If link does not work. just search for it online)


Analyze each speaker's performance with reference to what you observe each speaker. Discuss each speaker's nonverbal dynamics BY APPLYING ONE OF THESE FIVE (5) INSIGHTS above: <a-e> .


NOTE #1: You cannot use the same concept for both Lauer & Lochte. In other words, you are writing two (2) different analyses - each one applying a different listed concept. You can strengthen your answer ( & get more points) by including reference to specific terms & studies.


NOTE #2: Only one of the concepts that you use can come from your own group's presentation.








               Extra Credit  Advance Question:

 IF you opt to complete it, this question will be worth 0 - 5 points added to your test score.  Just as with the 2 required advance questions, it should be completed at home & handed in along with your in-class test]  [typed/double-spaced]


Re-view the last scene in the movie, BIG NIGHT: Big Night-Breakfast     { in Youtube select the clip identified "Big Night frittata - final scene" }. The scene depicts a moment in the relationship between two brothers. The scene is full of signs & symbols that relate in various ways to both what we have been studying as well as to certain specific items mentioned in the team workshops.  (see Team Project topics below) In other words, a citizen of the 21st century should have the skills to interpret the many signs & symbols which are saying something about the context, the roles of the 3 men and the various statements being made about relationship and relationships. 


Apply 1-2 SPECIFIC concepts which are connected in some way to semiotics to this  videoclip.

Video Clip #1


"Breakfast " ( DVD-Chapter #32) If the link does not work. just go to Youtube & search for :


Big Night frittata - final scene  (



























Questions probably will include some mixture of  Fill-in, Terminology Definitions, Short Answer, & Brief Essay types as well as some multiple choice questions-- many recycled from  the online quizzes will be recycled as well.  Be prepared to explain, to analyze, to use comparison/contrast.  Review a  previous study sheet for sample questions.






I will not use the same exact wording as in the readings & similarly, you should use "your-own- words" in your answers. We have covered a great deal of material and it will be difficult to "cram" effectively.  I'd recommend starting now to review & outline the chapters.






It is expected that most people will be able to complete the test in 65-80 minutes, but you will have the entire exam session to work. 




MORE  F.Y.I.'s


sUse strategy. Review the handouts/online assignment pages/slide shows that have been used for class activities.  They also help you focus in on the important concepts/terms from the course being emphasized by your professor.  As you review your readings, make use of any preview information as well as the post-chapter summaries & questions. On Test #1, some people lost points due to generalizing rather than citing specific terms/concepts/research sources. Also, be familiar with such terms/concepts as these listed below: (please note that this list is random, incomplete & off the top-of-my-head, but it will get you started.)


Basic Communication:  process /  functions "Emotional Intelligence" for the 21st Century [incl. group research project topics]
Perceptual reality [incl. personal & cultural differences;  4-step-process] Signs
Nonverbal Communication: definition, coding, functions The Nature of Culture, High-Low context & Metacommunication
Symbols Ways that Cultures accomplish the  enculturation of nonverbal Norms & Contexts <be prepared to answer at least one question pertaining to the internal perspective which characterizes true Ethnographies>
Nature-vs-Nurture [ incl. research supports for each perspective] The  Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
 Channels & "SubChannels"
(all about Haptics [esp. tba];
    (all about Paralanguage [esp. tba];
       (all about Cuddy & "Presence"
What Mehrabian really meant & why it matters
Also, the material on the online quizzes is helpful for review purposes & they  SHOULD still be accessible after the closing date. See procedure linked in left column of Professor's webpage.  















Dale B.
Shamah D.
Zach G.
Bobby K.
Cassie P. +
Zyaire R.



Aubrey C.
Tammy G.
David H-S. 
Ryan M.
Blaine S.
Tiffany Y.

LYING: Gender patterns  & differences



Kristen B. -
Matt C. +(A-)
Jordan D.
Mario P.
Ahniyah R.
Taylor R-M.
































CURRENTLY UNASSIGNED ITEMS.Probably N.A, for this semester:


1 - Viewings: Up in the air / Metallica - SKOM






   In a 2009 radio interview on the BBC, esteemed  researcher, Albert Mehrabian
 discussed ways in which aspects of his nonverbal research has been misrepresented. According to Dr. Mehrabian himself, how much of our message is carried by the nonverbal channel?

Mehrabian: summary-of-research &  link to the BBC interview[scroll down ]

                 [Dr. M's website =]

3.  See Question #7, p.420 [ NV in political messages]   8th ed {7th ed = n.a.} . Depending upon your browser, the URL may not work &  you may need to search for  "30 second candidate"


on Also in order to play the videos, you may need to upgrade your RealPlayer or Quicktime software.

time soft