-updated 10/12/16 -additional  updates possible through 10/19/16





(-Test day = M 10/24/16 --)

  See below for TWO(2) advance test questions &

                     ONE(1) extra credit question


NOTE --- Remember, this course attempts to examine various non-word-based factors which are in operation  in when people communicate.  It helps to think about the various units in the course content as interrelated and conceptual. This means that knowing specific terms and their definitions is just the beginning.  In addition, you should also be aware of what that item "looks like" in action and how it coordinates with other aspects  of human communication.  Also, be prepared to synthesize various concepts and apply them to the explanation of communicative behaviors.  Be aware that these expectations may require more critical thinking skills & attention to detail than many of you have used for other classes. IN OTHER WORDS, EVEN THOUGH YOU MAY HAVE BEEN ATTENTIVE TO THE IN-CLASS ACTIVITIES/DISCUSSIONS,  YOU MAY NOT UNDERSTAND THE MATERIAL  AS WELL OR AS COMPREHENSIVELY AS YOU THINK YOU DO.   STUDY CAREFULLY.




Emphasis will be on Chapters 1, 2,--, 4, 5, 6, 7,--, 9, 10  (Knapp, et al.,7/8e)  & the two(2) E-Reserve chapters from Hall's The Silent Language -as well as any materials relating to these areas.  Although Chapter 3 is not specifically listed, you still can incorporate it in your answers. Chapters 8 & 11 will be included later in the semester on the Final Test.  This IS a lot of material so be sure to refer to the "additional tips for preparing" listed below.

Also remember that many of our discussions acknowledged the "cultural sensitivity" of virtually everything discussed in the listed chapters. In other words, most of what we have studied actually overlaps since human communication actually operates in multi-channeled ways. In answering any given, question you may find you need to incorporate material from more than one "chapter"

 As mentioned above, in order to give you a "headstart" to the in-class test, there are  some questions to complete in advance to be handed in on test day (_10/24/16 ):           two (2) are required & one (1) is optional *[see details  below*] 




**[These questions are to be completed at home & handed in along with your in-class test] [Both = typed / double-spaced] [ Together,  they will be worth:10-15 pts<tbd>]

 1. =  Answer Question #4, p.195 [8th ed.].  Be sure your answer is concrete &  you make reference to at least 2 specific details/concepts from Chap.6.


 2.  = Insight Portfolio Samples: This item does double duty. Simply handing in a sample entry from your upcoming Insight Portfolio submission adds some points to your Midterm score. In addition. the feedback you will receive on it will assist you  in improving your overall, final Portfolio submission.  An entry should be approximately 2-3 well-organized paragraphs [ i.e. 1 page] Although it is not  mandatory, it is recommended  that you include a draft of your planned portfolio introduction.


               Extra Credit  Advance Question:

[IF you opt to complete this  extra question, it will be worth 0 - 5 points added to your test score. It is to be completed at home & handed in in hard copy form along with your in-class test papers.]   [typed/double-spaced]

 Succinctly & explicitly apply any ONE of the "Prime Channels" that we have covered so far.  (i.e. the ones through 3/2/15) You can use any one of the photos posted below:  SlayerFans /  MacAuliffe / Banks'Fans / SHUstudents [click to go to photos or scroll to end of this document] . Your answer should make SPECIFIC reference to items from the particular chapter and/or Slide Show and be sure that you know what a CHANNEL actually is.












Questions used probably will include some mixture of  Fill-in, Terminology Definitions, Short Answer, & Brief Essay types. It is possible that  some multiple choice questions from the online quizzes will be recycled as well.  Be prepared to explain, to analyze, to use comparison/contrast. 



I will NOT use the same exact wording as in the readings & I expect you to use your-own- words in your answers. We have covered a great deal of material and it will be difficult to "cram" effectively.  I'd recommend starting now to review & outline the chapters.



It is expected that most people will be able to complete the test in 50-60 minutes, but you will have the entire class period to work. 



Use strategy. Review the handouts/online assignment pages/slide shows that have been used for class activities.  They also help you focus in on the important concepts/terms from the course being emphasized by your professor.  As you review your readings, make use of any preview information as well as the post-chapter summaries & questions . Also, be familiar with such terms/concepts as these listed below: (please note that this list is random, incomplete & off the top-of-my-head, but it will get you started.)

Basic Communication:  process /  functions [S-M-R-F] Defining  "Emotional Intelligence" [incl. encoding & decoding nonverbals]
Perceptual reality [incl. personal & cultural differences;  4-step-process] The Rashomon effect n.a. this semester
Perceptual Attribution &/or    Labeling [ incl. diff. between describing a NV & interpreting its meaning; The Rashomon effect] The Nature of Culture, High-Low context & Metacommunication
Perceptual bias & barriers [ incl. appearance & attractiveness] . Ways that Environments Communicate: i.e. "Time Talks & Space Speaks" [ incl. privacy, constraint, comfort, etc] <be prepared to answer at least one question pertaining to the specific findings from the MiniFieldStudy activity>
Nature-vs-Nurture [ incl. research supports for each perspective] The  Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
 Channels & "SubChannels"
(all about Proxemics [esp. territoriality & zones];
    (all about Kinesics [esp. gesture,face, & gaze];
Nonverbal Communication: definition, coding, functions
  etc. , etc.
Also, the material on the online quizzes is helpful for review purposes & they  MIGHT still be accessible after the closing date. See procedure linked in left column of Professor's webpage.  





      some SAMPLE QUESTIONS  - from the past

Below are various samples of in-class test questions I have asked in the past in this & similar, academic-type communication courses. These may or may not pertain to your current textbook, therefore they are not provided as review material.  I simply cut & pasted  items from previous tests, but at least they will give you an idea of how complex and multifaceted my questions tend to be.

Some Sample Objective-type Questions -----

  [F.I.]   1. According to your authors, a person needs to be skilled in several areas in order to considered "interpersonally competent" . What are 4 of those competencies?______,______,______,______.

 [F.I.]   2. The idea behind Wilson's 4 Communication Styles is conceptually based on a matrix of a person's aggressiveness tendencies combined with a measure of _____________tendencies.

 [M.C.]  3. We all use our past experiences & frames of reference in order to help us make assessments about current people and situations. When we use such past information to GENERALIZE/PREDICT a stranger's behavior based on our observance of just one aspect, It is generally referred to as: a) prototyping   b) personally constructing   c) stereotyping   d) scripting  

 [M.C.]  4. We use our past experiences & frames of reference in order to help us make assessments about current people and situations. When we use such past information to DEFINE a behavior via a particular person's demonstration of it, we are:  a) prototyping   b) personally constructing   c) stereotyping  d) scripting

[T/F] 6. According to your instructor & the textbook authors, beginning researchers, such as yourself, need to remember that research investigations is cumulative and self correcting and incremental. In other words, this means that every research project should be structured definitively from the start, A good researcher never changes anything once the study gets started. 

  * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *  * * * * * * * * * *

Some Sample Short Answer/Essay-type Questions -----

[SA] 7. Recently,  you had the opportunity to confer with the instructor concerning the upcoming independent projects. Was that conference an example of "INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION"? Explain by reference to the verbal and nonverbal behaviors present.   

[SA] 8. Now, choose a particular Attitude you hold rather strongly. Trace back to ONE Belief that  served to shape that attitude. Then determine from what Values(s) did that belief stem?  

[SA] 9. "Mirroring" in terms of nonverbal behavior  is connected to the basic human pattern of seeking  similarity. Explain .

[ES]  10. Two students (who have an acquaintanceship) pass each other on a campus pathway  and say: "Hi! What's up?"-"Nothing much"   and then continue on their way. This interaction can be discussed in a variety of ways  (e.g. as pragmatic language act / as phatic communication   /   as situational vs. developmental relationship  /  as interpersonal communication,  etc.).    From at least 3 of these perspectives, explain what could have been going on in this brief dyadic encounter.


[SA] 11. Take one of the competencies you listed in question 1. Explain the item by briefly describing the last time you exhibited such competency during an interpersonal encounter.


[ES]  12. Explain the basic ways that nonverbal communication channels are used in relation to the words being said and what is the terms that your author use to differentiate the 2 types of connections?


[ES]  13. This weekend, while I was working in a box office with a female co-worker, a third party approached each of us and asked if we had some ":Motrin", "Tylenol", aspirin. etc. When we both told him that we didn't, his response was "What kind of  woman doesn't carry Motrin in her purse?  My next  thought was that the guy was so ignorant. ANALYZE this communication encounter by applying relevant concepts from   Perception and/or  Culture.


[F.I.]  14. Define "Attribution Process" in reference to the study of human communication. Support your answer by applying it to a specific current event.


[ES] 16. Would you use an ethnographic approach, a content analysis approach or an Interpretive Rhetorical Criticism approach  to investigate the following Research Question: "What Influence do US/Western cultural norms have on the evolution of the Superbowl broadcast from a sports broadcast to a Social Event?"  Support your choice.

[SA] 11. If Chris BELIEVES that racism exists in the workplace, Chris is more likely to PERCEIVE co-worker Jaime's loud voice & aggressive behavior as being racially motivated.  Explain this phenomenon by applying the Believing-is-Seeing concept .


[ES]  17. E.T. Hall asserted such concepts as Communication is Culture & Culture is CommunicationSpace Speaks & Time Talks. How do these three all impact on each other? ,     (Hall, 1959)





Slayer fans at Hammerstein Ballroom on Thursday night.   photo by Michael Falco for The New York Times-2/17/07



unknown man, Terry MacAuliffe, Bill Clinton, Haley Barbour  at a MyCar  plant opening  in the North Mississippi town of Horn Lak - e. photo by Mark Leibovich  for The New York Times 7/19/12


Lloyd Banks' fans were excited at his Nokia Theater concert on Thursday, above, but were far less receptive to the earlier performance by Jackie Chain, 

photo by Chad Batka for The New York Times 5/1/10


  PHOTO #4

Seton Hall Students





















360degrees KINESICS LEFTOVER: Write out your answer to your "leftover" Column A/Column B question  that was part of the  [almost]360 degree look at Kinesics list.  In other words, originally, you were asked to select two questions. Only one was part of the class activity, In approximately 1-2 paragraphs, provide your answer to the question The same content guidelines still apply {...at least one specific research citation-- from within the accompanying chapter / �answer� the designated question by comparing observations, source citations and chapter assertions}.