TSAR OF RUSSIA
Following the tradition of the Byzantine Emperors, the Tsar of Russia placed the crown on his own head. This left no doubt that, in the Russian system, the imperial power came directly from God. The prayer of the metropolitan, similar to that of the Patriarch of Constantinople for the Byzantine Emperor, confirmed the imperial supremacy.
After the emperor has recited the Nicene Creed as a profession of faith, and after an invocation of the Holy Ghost and litany, the emperor assumes the purple chlamys and then the crown is presented to him.
He takes it and puts it on his head himself, while the metropolitan says:
"In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost, Amen."
and then the metropolitan makes the following short address:
"Most God-fearing, absolute and mighty Lord, Emperor of all the Russias, this visible and tangible adornment of thy head is an eloquent symbol that thou as the head of the whole Russian people art invisibly crowned by the King of kings, Christ, with a most ample blessing, seeing that He bestows upon thee entire authority over His people."
This is followed by the delivery of the sceptre and orb.