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Etruscan Civilization, Microsoft® Encarta® 97 Encyclopedia. © 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. 

Fucilla, Joseph G. (1998). Our Italian Surnames. Baltimore MD: Genealogical Publishing Co. (Originally published 1949)

Kreutz, Barabara M (1991). Before the Normans: Southern Italy in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Levi, Carlo. (1982). Christ Stopped at Eboli: The story of a year ( Translated from the Italian by Frances Frenaye). Alexandria,Virginia: Time-Life Books.

Ligurian, Encyclopedia Britannica © 1999 Inc. (read 12/18/1999)

Livius, Titus The History of Rome, Volumes 1 - VI  Electronic version are available at

Mare, Raffaele (1995). Corleto Monforte: Dalle origini ai nostri giorni. Edizione comune di Corleto Monforte.

Norwich, John Julius (1967). The Normans in Sicily: The Magnificant story of 'the other Norman Coquest'. Hormondsworth,Middlesex, England: Penguin Books. (This edition is a reprint of Norwich's two books: "The Normans in the South" and "The Kingdom of the Sun")

Schipa, Michelangelo(1892). Il ducato di Napoli. Archivio Storico per le Province Napoletane. (cited in Kreutz, 1991)

Nelson, Lynn (1997). A Genealogist's Guide to Finding Your Italian Ancestors. Cincinatti, Ohio: Betterway Books

Scullard, H.H. (1967). The Etruscan Cities and Rome. New York: Cornell University Press

Strabo: Geography Book IV. Translated by H. C. Hamilton, London: Henry G. Bohn, 1854.

Pliny: Natural History. Translated by H. Rackham, 1942. Cambridge, Mass. Harvard U. Press (Loeb Classical Library)

Oxford Classical Dictionary - 2nd edition: 1978.


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Last updated: March 23, 2000